On May 7, 2008 the U.S. Public Health Service issued an updated version of guideline for clinical practice identifying new effective counseling methods and clinical treatments for tobacco dependence. It also urged doctors to follow the new guideline when treating tobacco dependence.
The new guideline called Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update was created by the leading national experts in tobacco cessation and sponsored by a consortium of non-profit organizations. Having reviewed thousands of research articles, the authors continue to recommend NRT (nicotine replacement) products such as nicotine gum, nicotine nasal spray, nicotine patch, etc. used to help smokers break their tobacco dependence.
Pharmacology: Nexiam is a proton pump inhibitor that suppresses gastric acid secretion by specific inhibition of the H+/K+-ATPase in the gastric parietal cell. By acting specifically on the proton pump, Nexiam blocks the final step in acid production, thus reducing gastric acidity.
Pharmacology: Crestor selectively and competitively inhibits the hepatic enzyme hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase. As HMG-CoA reductase is responsible for converting HMG-CoA to mevalonate, this results in a decrease in mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol....
Pharmacology: Humira (Abbott Laboratories) binds to TNF-alpha and blocks its interaction with the p55 and p75 cell surface TNF receptors. Humira (Abbott Laboratories) also lyses surface TNF expressing cells in vitro in the presence of complement...
Pharmacology: Lantus is produced by recombinant DNA technology utilizing a non-pathogenic laboratory strain of Escherichia coli (K12) as the production organism. Insulin glargine differs from human insulin in that the amino acid asparagine at position A21 is
Generic Name: Insulin Glargine recombinant
Pharmacology: A recombinant humanized monoclonal IgG1 antibody that binds to and inhibits the biologic activity of human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Bevacizumab contains human framework regions and the complementarity-determining regions of a m
Generic Name: Bevacizumab
Pharmacology: A benzoic-sulfonamide-furan. It is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for edema and chronic renal insufficiency. [PubChem]
Generic Name: Furosemide
Pharmacology: Valsartan (trade name Diovan®) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, acting on the AT1 subtype. In the U.S., valsartan is indicated for treatment of high blood pressure, of congestive heart failure (CHF), and post-myocardial infarction (MI)
Generic Name: Valsartan
Pharmacology: Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic medication used for the treatment of schizophrenia. It has also recently received FDA approval for the treatment of acute manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorder. Aripiprazole appears t
Generic Name: Aripiprazole
Pharmacology: Glatiramer acetate consists of the acetate salts of synthetic polypeptides, containing four naturally occurring amino acids: L-glutamic acid, L-alanine, L-tyrosine, and L-lysine with an average molar fraction of 0.141, 0.427, 0.095, and 0.338, r
Generic Name: Glatiramer Acetate
Pharmacology: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase necessary for the formation of prostaglandins and other autacoids. It also inhibits the motility of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. [PubChem]
Generic Name: Indomethacin
Pharmacology: A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in some disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and to reduce salivation with some anesthetics. [PubChem]
Generic Name: Glycopyrrolate
Pharmacology: A specific opiate antagonist that has no agonist activity. It is a competitive antagonist at mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors. [PubChem]
Generic Name: Naloxone
Pharmacology: Rifaximin is a semisynthetic, rifamycin-based non-systemic antibiotic, meaning that the drug will not pass the gastrointestinal wall into the circulation as is common for other types of orally administered antibiotics. It is used to treat diarrh
Generic Name: Rifaximin
Pharmacology: Broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase. It has been proposed for infections with gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, gonorrhea, and haemophilus. [PubChem]
Generic Name: Cefuroxime
Pharmacology: A thiazide diuretic with actions and uses similar to those of hydrochlorothiazide. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p812)
Generic Name: Chlorothiazide