Amfepramone - General Information:A appetite depressant considered to produce less central nervous system disturbance than most drugs in this therapeutic category. It is also considered to be among the safest for patients with hypertension. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2290)
Other Brand Names containing Diethylpropion
Amfepramone - Pharmacology:
Amfepramone is an amphetamine that stimulates neurons to release or maintain high levels of a particular group of neurotransmitters known as catecholamines; these include dopamine and norepinephrine. High levels of these catecholamines tend to suppress hunger signals and appetite. Amfepramone (through catecholamine elevation) may also indirectly affect leptin levels in the brain. It is theorized that diethylpropion can raise levels of leptin which signal satiety. It is also theorized that increased levels of the catecholamines are partially responsible for halting another chemical messenger known as neuropeptide Y. This peptide initiates eating, decreases energy expenditure, and increases fat storage.
Amfepramone for patients
The patient should be cautioned about concomitant use of alcohol or other CNS-active drugs and TENUATE or TENUATE DOSPAN.
The patient should be advised to observe caution when driving or engaging in any potentially hazardous activity.
Antidiabetic drug requirements (i.e., insulin) may be altered. Concurrent use with general anesthetics may result in arrhythmias. The pressor effects of diethylpropion and those of other drugs may be additive when the drugs are used concomitantly; conversely, diethylpropion may interfere with antihypertensive drugs (i.e., guanethidine, a-methyldopa). Concurrent use of phenothiazines may antagonize the anorectic effect of diethylpropion.
Advanced arteriosclerosis, hyperthyroidism, known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to the sympathomimetic amines, glaucoma, severe hypertension.
Patients with a history of drug abuse.
During or within 14 days following the administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, hypertensive crises may result.
Indication, Mechanism Of Action, Drug Interactions, Food Interactions, etc..