Cyclophosphan - General Information:Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the liver to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of lymphoma and leukemia. Its side effect, alopecia, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphan may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer. [PubChem]
Other Brand Names containing Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphan - Pharmacology:
Alkylating agents work by three different mechanisms: 1) attachment of alkyl groups to DNA bases, resulting in the DNA being fragmented by repair enzymes in their attempts to replace the alkylated bases, preventing DNA synthesis and RNA transcription from the affected DNA, 2) DNA damage via the formation of cross-links (bonds between atoms in the DNA) which prevents DNA from being separated for synthesis or transcription, and 3) the induction of mispairing of the nucleotides leading to mutations.
Cyclophosphan for patients
This medicine is a type of chemotherapy for treating cancers of the blood
and certain other cancers. This medicine interferes with the way cancer
cells grow. Take your doses on a regular scheduled time and DO NOT take
this medicine more often than directed by your health care provider.
Finish the full course prescribed by your health care provider. DO NOT
stop taking this medicine unless diredted to do so by your health care
provider. While taking this medicine, you make get infection more easily.
Call your doctor if you get a fever, chills, or sore throat. Drink plenty
of water with this medicine.
The rate of metabolism and the leukopenic activity of cyclophosphamide reportedly are increased by chronic administration of high doses of phenobarbital.
The physician should be alert for possible combined drug actions, desirable or undesirable, involving cyclophosphamide even though cyclophosphamide has been used successfully concurrently with other drugs, including other cytotoxic drugs.
Cyclophosphamide treatment, which causes a marked and persistent inhibition of cholinesterase activity, potentiates the effect of succinylcholine chloride.
If a patient has been treated with cyclophosphamide within 10 days of general anesthesia, the anesthesiologist should be alerted.
Continued use of cyclophosphamide is contraindicated in patients with severely depressed bone marrow function. Cyclophosphamide is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a previous hypersensitivity to it.
Indication, Mechanism Of Action, Drug Interactions, Food Interactions, etc..