PSEUDOEPHEDRINE - ORAL
IMPORTANT NOTE: The following information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your
physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that use of the drug is safe,
appropriate, or effective for you. Consult your healthcare professional before using this drug.
PSEUDOEPHEDRINE - ORAL
COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Afrin, Afrinol, Chlor-Trimeton, Novafed, Sudafed
Pseudoephedrine is used to provide relief from the nasal or sinus congestion caused by allergies or the common cold, or ear
congestion caused by inflammation or infection.
HOW TO USE:
It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication, unless your doctor instructs you to do otherwise.
Sustained-release or long acting tablets and capsules must be swallowed whole. Chewing or crushing them will destroy the long
action and may increase side effects.
If symptoms do not improve after 7 days or are accompanied by a high fever, notify your doctor. Do not increase the dose or take
this more frequently than recommended.
Mild stomach upset, trouble sleeping, dizziness, headache, nervousness, or loss of appetite may occur. If any of these effects
persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fast/irregular heartbeat, difficulty urinating,
uncontrolled shaking or tremor.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare, but very serious side effects occur: seizures, chest pain, mental/mood changes.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious
allergic reaction may include: rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Before taking pseudoephedrine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: pre-existing heart problems, kidney
or liver disease, lung disease, emphysema, high blood pressure, overactive thyroid, diabetes mellitus, glaucoma, difficulty urinating
or an enlarged prostate, history of seizures.
This drug should be used only if clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Pseudoephedrine passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Using this drug while breast-feeding is
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use,
especially of: sleeping pills, sedatives, tranquilizers, muscle relaxants, medication for depression, high blood pressure drugs.
Tell your doctor if you have taken any MAO inhibitors (e.g., furazolidone, phenelzine, selegiline, tranylcypromine) within the last
If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national
poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. Symptoms of overdose may
include irregular or unusually slow or rapid heartbeat, unusual nervousness or excitement, rapid breathing, confusion, hallucinations,
Talk with your doctor, pharmacist or nurse about diseases you have and drugs you are already taking before using any new medication.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as remembered if within an hour. If you do not remember until later, skip the missed dose and resume
your usual dosing schedule. Do not "double-up" the doses.
Store at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (between 15 and 30 degrees C) away from moisture and sunlight. Do not store in the
bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.
MAO inhibitors and beta adrenergic blockers increase the effects of pseudoephedrine. Sympathomimetics may reduce the antihypertensive effects of methyldopa, mecamylamine, reserpine and veratrum alkaloids.
Patients with severe hypertension, severe coronary artery disease, and patients on MAO inhibitor therapy. Also contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to sympathomimetic amines which may be manifested by insomnia, dizziness, weakness, tremor or arrhythmias.
Children under 12: Should not be used by children under 12 years.
Nursing Mothers: Contraindicated because of the higher than usual risk for infants from sympathomimetic amines.