For the prevention of: nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of emetogenic cancer therapy, including high-dose cisplatin.
Kytril Mechanism Of Action:
Kytril is a potent, selective antagonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) subtype 3 (5-HT 3) receptors. 5-HT 3 receptors are present peripherally on vagal nerve terminals and centrally in the area postrema of the brain. Cytotoxic drugs and radiation damage gastrointestinal mucosa, causing the release of serotonin from the enterochromaffin cells of the gastrointestinal tract. Stimulation of 5-HT 3 receptors causes transmission of sensory signals to the vomiting center via vagal afferent fibers to induce vomiting. By binding to 5-HT 3 receptors, granisetron blocks vomiting mediated by serotonin release. Kytril has little or no affinity for other serotonin receptors, including 5-HT 1 , 5-HT 1A , 5-HT 1B/C , or 5-HT 2 ; for alpha 1 -, alpha 2 -, or beta-adrenoreceptors; for dopamine D 2 receptors; for histamine H 1 receptors; for benzodiazepine receptors; for picrotoxin receptors; or for opioid receptors. In most human studies, granisetron has had little effect on blood pressure, heart rate, or electrocardiogram (ECG).